Overview table of key EU provisions on Unaccompanied Minors

UN CRC Clusters Rights CRC Schengen Borders Code (Regulation 562/2006) Recast Reception Conditions Directive (Directive 2013/33/EU) Recast Asylum Procedures Directive (Directive 2013/32/EU) Recast Qualification Directive (Directive 2011/95/EU) Recast Dublin Regulation (Regulation 604/2013) Recast Eurodac Regulation (Regulation 603/2013) Anti-Trafficking Directive (Directive 2011/36/EU) Directive on Residence permits for victims of human trafficking (Directive 2004/81/EC) Family Reunification Directive (Directive 2003/86/EC) Return Directive (Directive 2008/115/EC)
Mention of the CRC Preamble (9) (18) Preamble (33) Preamble (18) Preamble (13) Art. 3.5 Preamble (8), (22)/td> Preamble (22)
I.Definitions Minor/Child Art. 1 Art. 2(d) Art. 2(l) Art. 2(k) Art. 2(i) Art. 2.6 Embedded in Art. 2(f)
II. General principles Non-discrimination Art. 2 Art. 6.2 Preamble (8) Preamble (17) Preamble (7) Preamble (5) Preamble (21)
Best Interest (BI) Art. 3.1 Preamble (9), (22), Arts 2(j), 11.2, 23, 24 Preamble (33), Arts 2(n) 25.1(a), 25.6 Preamble (18), (19), (27), (38), Arts 20.5, 31.4-.5 Preamble (13), (16), (24), (35), Arts 2(k), 6, 8, 20.3 Preamble (35) Preamble (8), (22), (23), Arts 13, 16.2 Art. 10(a) Art. 5.5 Preamble (22), Arts 5(a), 10.1, 17.5
Right to be heard/ Right to participation Right to information Art. 12 Arts 5, 9.4, 10.5 (in relation to detention) Preamble (22), Arts 8.1, 12.1(a), 19, 21 (general provisions), 25.4 Art. 22 Art. 4;Preamble (4), Annex XI Implementing Regulation 118/2004 Art. 11 Art. 5 Art. 5.4 Arts 7.1, 12
Interview Art. 23.2 Art. 34.1 Preamble (18) Art. 5 Art. 15 Art. 5.2
III. Civil rights and freedoms Identification as child/ unaccompanied child Arts 21, 22 Preamble (22), Art. 25.5 Preamble (23) Art. 10(c)
Registration and documentation Arts 7, 8 Art. 6 Art. 25 (travel documents) Art. 5.2
IV. Family environment and alternative care Restoring family links Arts 10, 22.2 Art. 24.3 Art. 31.5 Arts 6.4, 8;Art. 1(7), Annex II LIST A(I)1, LIST B(I)1 Implementing Regulation 118/2004 Art. 10(c) Preamble (9), (12) ; Arts 4, 10.3 Arts 5, 10.2
Periodic review of placement and treatment Art. 25
Rehabilitation and reintegration of victims of violence Arts 19, 39 Art 23.4 Art. 30.2 Preamble (18), (22) Arts 6.1, 7, 9
Assistance to victims of trafficking/violence Arts 19, 39 Arts 23.4, 25.1 Art. 30.2 Arts 13, 14, 17 Arts 6.1, 7, 9
Reception staff specific training X Arts 18.7, 24.4, 25.2 Art. 31.6 Preamble (25)
V. Basic health and welfare Access to health services Art. 24 Art. 19 Preamble (40), (46), Art. 30 Art. 31.2(a) Art. 11.5 Arts 7, 9 Art. 14.1(b)
Accommodation Art. 27.1-.3 Arts 21, 22, 24.2 Arts 31.3, 32 Art. 11.5 Arts 7, 9
Rights of disabled children Art. 23 Arts 21, 22 Preamble (29) Arts 20.3, 30.2 Art. 32.1 Art. 11.7 Art. 14.1(d)
Right to social security Art. 26 Preamble (45), Art. 29
Right to adequate standard of living/material support Art. 27.1-.3 Arts 17, 18, 20, 23.1 Preamble (45) Art. 11.5 Arts 7, 9 Art. 10.2
VI. Education, leisure and cultural activities Right to education Art. 28 Art. 14 Art. 27.1 Art. 14.1 Art. 10(b) Arts 14.1
Right to rest, play and participate in artistic and culturale activities Art. 31 Arts 11.2, 23.3 Art. 17.3
VII. Special protection measures Guardianship/ Representation Arts 18.1, 20 Art. 24.1 Art. 25 Art. 31 Art. 6;Art. 1(7) Implementing Regulation 118/2004 Preamble (23), (24), Art. 16.3 Art. 10(c) Art. 10.1
Legal information, assistance and representation Arts 37(d), 40.2(ii) Arts 9.6, 26.2-.3-.6 Arts 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25.4 Arts 26.2, 27 Art. 15.2 Arts 10(c), 7.4 Art. 13.3-.4
Access to protection procedures Art. 7.3-.4 Arts 3, 6, 8 Arts 11.5-.6, 12.3
Durable solutions Arts 31.3, 32, 34, 35 Preamble (23), Arts 14, 16.2 Arts 5, 10
Child sensitive procedural measures Arts 3, 12, 19 Art. 19, Annex VII (6.) Art. 8 Arts 8, 15.3, 12.3 Art. 10(a) Art. 5.5
Safeguards on detention Art. 37 Arts 9.5-.6, 11.2-.3 Arts 8.1, 26 Art. 28.4 Art. 17
Appeal (against negative decisions) Art. 26 Art. 12.1(f) Art. 27 (against transfer decision) Art. 18 Art. 13
Data protection Arts 18.7, 24.3-.4, 25.2 Preamble (52), Arts 30, 48 Arts 31.5, 37 Preamble (26), Arts 34, 40; Preamble (4) Implementing Regulation 118/2004 Arts 16, 23 Preamble (33) Art. 7.2
VIII. General measures of implementation (GMI) Implementation obligations Art. 4 Art. 31.1 Art. 51 Art. 39 Art. 22 Art. 17 Art. 20 Art. 20
Actors training and qualifications Arts 15, 16.4 Schengen Borders Code Art. 29.1 Preamble (16), (26), Arts 4.3, 6.1, 14.1, 25.3, 34.2 Arts 31.6, 37 Arts 6.4, 35.3 X Preamble (15), (25), Arts 9.3, 15.3, 18.3
Respect for existing higher standards Art. 41 Preamble (28), Art. 4 Preamble (14), Art. 5 Art. 3 Art. 4 Art. 3.4-.5 Art. 4
Data collection and reporting Art. 30 Art. 50 Art. 38 Art. 46 Art. 40 Art. 19 Art. 16 Art. 19 Art. 19
Monitoring and review Preamble (30), Arts 28, 30 Preamble (55), Art. 50 Art. 38 Preamble (28), Art. 46 Art. 40 Art. 23 Art. 19 Art. 19
Complaints Art. 29